McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Formula One constructor and likewise has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis builder, and has won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) cars racing championship. The group is the 2nd oldest active, and second most effective Formula One team after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Chauffeurs' Championships and eight Fitters' Champions. The team is an entirely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their biggest initial success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Additional American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars and trucks for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their very first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Job Four Racing; Dennis took control of as team principal and shortly after arranged a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take complete control of the team. This started the group's most successful period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them seven Motorists' Championships and the team took 6 Contractors' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams provided the most consistent obstacle during this duration, the two winning every contractors' title between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had moved to Williams, and the group went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, additional championships can be found in 1998 and 1999 with chauffeur Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the group were consistent front-runners, road legal race car motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, handing over to long time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season because 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the first time given that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season till at least 2024. After at first going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Formula One group Cooper with whom he had won 3 Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Champion. Wanting to compete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when group owner Charles Cooper insisted on utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to establish his own team to run him and his potential Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper cars and trucks.